Health improvement for children in preschool settings (from work experience)

Strengthening and protecting health from the first days of a child’s life is the task of every parent. And, as soon as the baby grows up and begins to attend kindergarten, teachers partially take on this task. The duty of any preschool institution is to take care of the physical and psychological well-being of pupils. Protecting children's health in preschool educational institutions

involves regular implementation of hardening, developmental and preventive measures. In addition, special attention is paid to building and maintaining a rational daily routine, quality nutrition and physical activity for each child.

Strengthening the health of children in preschool educational institutions

impossible without a range of physical exercises. Morning exercises, developmental activities, games and competitions, exercises for the prevention and correction of poor posture and flat feet, walks, exercises using sports equipment in the fresh air, etc. These activities strengthen the musculoskeletal system, improve blood circulation and breathing, help normalize digestion and metabolism, and strengthen the immune system, especially during periods of high risk of illness.

Methods for improving the health of children in preschool educational institutions also focus on the development of positive emotions in pupils. Physical education and sports activities do not aim to hone the technique of performing exercises. They are aimed at developing interest in sports and physical activity, promoting the emergence of positive emotions and strengthening children’s contact with teachers, teaching children to feel their body and move freely.

Finally, maintaining health in a preschool educational institution is impossible without hardening procedures. Hardening techniques change throughout the year, depending on weather conditions and the situation with the spread of seasonal diseases (flu, ARVI, etc.). Also, the type of hardening procedure and its intensity may vary from student to student. An individual approach is important here, taking into account the health status of each child, the characteristics of his character, physique and immunity. In order for hardening not to harm, but to bring benefit, all these parameters must be taken into account.

Next, we will consider the different types of health activities and their features.

Physical education classes

Health improvement of a child in a preschool educational institution

necessarily includes physical exercise. These or other types of exercises are selected by the physical work teacher, taking into account the age of the children.

Thus, in younger groups, the main goal of classes is to teach children to navigate in space and work with simple sports equipment and equipment. In middle groups, classes are more focused on the development of physical qualities - strength, endurance, agility. In older children, they instill the need for active movement, teach independence, organization and group work.

Any physical activity should, first of all, bring joy to the child. Therefore, the correct methods for improving the health of children in kindergarten are always varied. These are not only traditional gymnastic and sports exercises, but also outdoor games of varying intensity, rhythmic exercises, competitions and relay races, story-based exercises and much more.

“Children’s health improvement in kindergarten”

MBOU Kikinskaya MOSH of the municipal formation "Temkinsky district" of the Smolensk region.

Consultation for parents on the topic: “Children’s health improvement in kindergarten”

teacher Resnyanskaya V.V.

Explanatory note

The concept of “health” has many definitions. But the most popular and, perhaps, the most comprehensive definition is the one given by the World Health Organization: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not just the absence of disease or physical defects” (E. Torokhova)

During preschool childhood, the foundations of health, comprehensive motor readiness and harmonious physical development are laid in a child.

In recent decades, not only in Russia, but throughout the world, there has been a tendency towards deterioration in the health of the child population. Environmental problems, various negative household factors, chemical additives in food, poor-quality water, accumulating irritations in society associated with an unsatisfactory economic situation are just some of the factors that aggressively affect the health of a preschooler.

The morbidity of children observed by educators, which tends to increase, as well as the use by teachers of activities associated with the child being in a static position for a long time, led us to search for new forms and methods of health-improving work in preschool educational institutions.

One of the main tasks of a preschool organization is to create conditions that guarantee the formation and strengthening of the health of pupils.

The main means of achieving this task is the formation of a culture of healthy lifestyle. It is in order to preserve and improve the health of a child in one of the most crucial periods of his life that systematic, purposeful work is necessary, both in a preschool institution and in the family.

To achieve this goal positively, I have set the following tasks:


  1. Creating conditions for the beneficial physical development of children;
  2. Promote the health of children through a system of health-improving activities;
  3. To increase children's interest in a healthy lifestyle through various forms and methods of physical education and health activities;
  4. Satisfying children's natural need for movement;
  5. Formation of a reasonable attitude towards your health;
  6. Activation of cognitive interests;
  7. Increase the pedagogical competence of parents on the issue of preserving and strengthening the health of the child;
  8. Development of the child’s individuality (not programming, but promoting personality development).
  9. Provide a sense of psychological security and the child’s trust in the world; joys of existence (mental health);

In the groups, conditions have been created for organizing the motor activity of children, both organized and independent, and also corresponding to the age and individual characteristics of the children.

Building a health-saving space is unthinkable without implementing such an important principle of an individually differentiated approach to children.

The motor center has selected such aids, attributes, and equipment parts that meet the hygiene requirements and rules for protecting the life and health of children. One of the ways to increase children's mobility in independent activities is through various ways of using the plot in design and aids. We use story-based outdoor games with masks - hats. Play, as the leading type of activity for children, remains a priority for us in the survey of the organization of the motor environment.

The equipment is designed to develop different movements of different muscle groups.

Often (after active physical activity and before a walk) we use minutes of rest


- let's sit in silence;

— let’s lie on our backs and relax, as if we were rag dolls;

- let's dream to this beautiful music (relaxation).

In our work we use elements of hardening and corrective gymnastics.

The subject-spatial developmental environment in the group is organized taking into account the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard, ensures maximum realization of the educational potential of the group space and materials, equipment and supplies for the development of preschool children, protection and promotion of their health, taking into account the characteristics and correction of deficiencies in their development. We divided the group space into separate subspaces; they represent a variety of different developmental environments in the same group room. children, what can be done in them, they are created with the purpose of presenting to each child - to give the opportunity to concentrate on their activities, experience an emotional state and serve as the basis for the implementation of program material. The layout and equipment in our group changes periodically throughout the year, following changes in the individual interests of the children and the level of development of each child. We consider the organization of the premises as a very important means of teaching education, which is effective only when it exactly corresponds to the characteristics of the children and their interests at the moment.

All toys and materials available in the group are at the disposal of the children. Any child can independently decide what materials, when and how to use to implement their own ideas and plans. Children in the group are comfortable and interesting.

Children are given the opportunity to act independently (fantasize, experiment, create), look for the extraordinary in the ordinary, study and understand the world around them through a variety of activities.

Children’s independent use of toys and materials also determines the appropriate level of responsibility for their use and storage; Children learn to be masters of their own materials and equipment: put them away and treat them with care.

The group room has privacy corners. Each child can find his own “personal” corner (his favorite place), his own territory in the group.

Our children should be healthy, and for this we don’t need much: systematic execution, habit, pleasure in doing the exercises.

The healing powers of nature are of great importance for the health of children:

  • Regular walks in the fresh air;
  • Sun and air baths;
  • Water procedures;
  • Phytotherapy;
  • Vitamin therapy;
  • Hardening

A child of preschool age must be outside for at least four hours every day. And in our work with children, we try to be in the fresh air as much as possible.

We know that hygiene products promote health and stimulate the development of adaptive properties of the body, therefore in our work we pay attention to:

  • Personal hygiene (using artistic words);
  • Ventilation;
  • Wet cleaning;
  • Diet;
  • Proper hand washing;
  • Teaching children basic healthy lifestyle techniques;
  • Rinsing the mouth after eating;
  • Limit the level of study load to avoid fatigue.

When creating a subject-spatial environment, we take into account that the impact on the child lies in the demand for children's experience acquired in the process of educational activities.

In educational activities, we give concepts about the use of water and air by humans, teach rules, skills to live and take care of the environment, and about your health.

In the conversations “Why do we brush our teeth”, “Food hygiene” - children become familiar with the culture of behavior and personal hygiene. We introduce children to the medicinal plants of their immediate environment. They saw them many times near the house, yard, city, but had no knowledge about them, did not know their benefits for humans. And now they recognize chamomile, dandelion, and nettle very well and tell how they can be treated with these plants. Medicinal plants help a person overcome the disease; they also treat animals and birds. We designed the album “The World Around Us” and collected a herbarium.

We tell children about the benefits of indoor plants and teach them how to care for them. We explain to them that plants suppress the activity of dangerous microorganisms that increase the bactericidal energy of the air, plants purify the air, and we know that fresh air improves health and cures many diseases. Children will learn which plants provide a healing effect - ficus, geranium, chlorophytum.

Of course, without working together with parents, we would not have achieved good results. At parent meetings and individual consultations, we teach how to assess a child’s health; we offer parents files of various gymnastics and home exercises; we recommend literature and brochures.

Accordingly, we provide recommendations and advice for parents in the “Health Corner”:

  • We offer sliding folders;
  • We recommend going on hikes and excursions with your children;
  • We conduct a survey.

All these techniques allow us to gradually stabilize and introduce children to a healthy lifestyle. Parents and we now have one goal - to raise the health of children.

The created conditions allowed us to ensure children’s physical activity and organize recreational work in the group.

The subject-spatial environment contributes to:

  1. Enrichment of social experience and acquisition of qualities necessary for life;
  2. The upbringing and development of a child in a team;
  3. Development of the musculoskeletal system;
  4. Development of organization and initiative in children;
  5. Ability to maintain friendly relationships with peers;
  6. Independent and creative use of physical education equipment and attributes for outdoor games;
  7. Filling with moral and aesthetic values;
  8. Development of psychophysical qualities: speed, endurance; flexibility, dexterity.
  9. Personality formation;

A subject-based developmental environment is a powerful enriching factor in child development.

Organization of physical education and health activities.

The system of physical education and health work is determined in accordance with the level of health, development and motor readiness of children. I consider my main task to be not only to give knowledge to children, but most importantly to instill in them a desire to be healthy and teach them the ability to help themselves and other children if necessary.

In my work I use the following healing techniques:

Techniques aimed at developing the respiratory system

Breathing exercises technique by A.N. Strelnikova

aimed at treatment and voice restoration. The essence of the technique is an active short breath, which trains all the muscles of the respiratory system. Attention on exhalation is not fixed; it should occur spontaneously.

Methods aimed at increasing the body's resistance

Finger massage

. In terms of saturation of acupuncture zones, the hand is not inferior to the ear and foot. Massage of the thumb increases the functional activity of the brain, the index finger has a positive effect on the condition of the stomach, the middle finger on the intestines, the ring finger on the liver and kidneys, and the little finger on the heart.

Methods aimed at vision correction

Method of vision correction V.F. Bazarny

lies in the fact that for periodic activation of visual coordination, visual-motor projection schemes (simulators for vision correction) are used.

Methods aimed at preventing acute respiratory infections

itself of biologically active zones

(according to A.A. Umanskaya) is recommended by pediatricians for the rehabilitation of weakened and frequently ill children. Massage of active vital points increases the protective properties of the mucous membranes of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and other organs. During the massage, the human body begins to produce its own drugs (interferon).


(according to Yu.V. Akimov and I.F. Ostapchuk) is based on the use of phytoncides of essential oil plants, which have biological activity and the ability to penetrate through the respiratory system into the human body and have a healing effect on it.

Hardening with water, air and sun

- one of the generally accepted methods of nonspecific prevention of acute respiratory infections.

Methods aimed at developing the speech apparatus

Finger games.

According to I. Kant, “the hand is the brain coming out.” Man is a universal “thinking body”, an example of this universality is the moving hand of man. The greatest impact of impulses from the arm muscles on the development of the cerebral cortex occurs only in childhood, while the motor area is being formed. Therefore, work on developing fine motor skills of the fingers in preschool age is of particular importance. Scientists have proven that a speech motor analyzer is formed on the basis of a motor analyzer. Performing kinesiological exercises with each hand contributes to the formation of speech areas in both hemispheres of the brain.

Logorhythmics -

a comprehensive methodology that includes means of speech therapy, musical-rhythmic and physical education, aimed at correcting speech disorders and developing non-speech processes: improving gross motor skills, regulating muscle tone, activating all types of attention and memory.

Methods aimed at correcting mental state


- a non-verbal method of group psychotherapy, which is based on the use of motor expression.
This is a course of special classes (studies, exercises, games) aimed at developing and correcting various aspects of the child’s psyche (cognitive and emotional-personal). Psycho-gymnastic studies
by M.I. Chistyakova, adapted for preschool age, are aimed at developing imagination, relieving intellectual and emotional tension, harmonizing relationships with other people, and developing self-confidence through play options for psychotherapy.

Communication games

(according to K. Orff, V.A. Zhilin, T.E. Tyutyunnikova and E.V. Rybak) contribute to the formation of a positive microclimate in the children's team, the development of the child’s personality, and the revelation of his creative abilities.

Music therapy

(according to I.R. Tarkhanov, M.Ya. Mudrov, O.A. Mashkov) is an effective method for the prevention and treatment of childhood neuroses. Music increases the body's ability to release endorphins - brain biochemicals that help cope with pain and stress, and regulates breathing.

My observations of children allowed me to conclude: that during physical exercise, a preschooler develops such personal qualities as endurance, courage, dexterity, strength, and physical beauty. By moving, the child learns about the world around him.



Self-massage techniques, developed by ancient doctors, are one of the means of preventing and correcting children’s speech. Under the influence of simple massage exercises, normalization of muscle tone is achieved, tactile sensations are stimulated, and also under the influence of impulses going to the cerebral cortex from the motor zones to the speech areas, speech function develops more beneficially.

In my work I use self-massage of the face, neck and hand massage.

Face massage.

Place your palms on your forehead so that the fingertips of both hands touch each other. From the middle of the forehead, slowly stroke with your palms to the parotid area of ​​the face. Make movements:

  • From the bridge of the nose to the ears;
  • From the groove under the nose to the ears;
  • From the parotid area of ​​the face to the chin and back;

Vibration facial massage.

Repeat the above movements, but only by tapping with your fingers.

Neck massage.


  • Slowly stroke your neck with the palms of both hands from top to bottom;
  • In the throat area, stroke alternately with your left and right hands;
  • From the parotid area of ​​the face, make movements along the side of the neck, close to the back of the head.

Hand massage.


– effects on the nerve endings of the superficial layer of the skin. It relaxes, so the movements are very gentle. You need to stroke with your whole palm.


– more intense and deep stroking, helps relax muscles and reduce excitability. Rubbing is done with one, two or three fingers.


– rhythmic pressing movements of the fingers. Weak vibration increases tone, and strong vibration has an analgesic effect, activates metabolic processes, improves blood circulation and skin regeneration.

Therapeutic and preventive measures include exercises aimed at preventing the development of flat feet.

  • Walking on a stick
  • Walking on a ribbed board
  • Walking on a hoop
  • Walking on pebbles
  • Picking up small objects with fingers
  • Walking along the “Grass” and “Sun” massage paths.

Used Books

  1. Programs
  2. OOP DO “From birth to school” edited by N.E. Veraks, T.S. Komarova, M.A. Vasilyeva. M., 2016.
  3. Methodical manuals
  4. L.V. Gavryuchina “Health-saving technologies in preschool educational institutions”
  5. I.M. Shumova, N.S. Golitsyna “Education of the fundamentals of a healthy lifestyle in children.” M., 2007 M., 2008
  6. O. Zazhigina “Games for the development of fine motor skills using non-standard equipment.” St. Petersburg 2018
  7. L.P. Voronina “File files of articulation and breathing exercises, massage and self-massage.” St. Petersburg 2022
  8. N.V. Nishcheva “Fun breathing exercises.” St. Petersburg 2014
  9. N.A. Deeva “Gaming health-saving technologies.” Volgograd 2017


Health improvement for children in kindergarten

impossible without hardening procedures. When working with children, it is important to follow the key principles of hardening:

  • carry out hardening procedures only with healthy children;
  • refuse hardening if the child reacts negatively to it - cries, worries, is afraid;
  • start with gentle procedures, gradually moving to more intense ones;
  • carry out hardening regularly and systematically.

In a kindergarten, a medical worker must keep a hardening notebook, where the procedures performed, the children’s reaction, the results achieved and available medical outlets will be noted.

Basic hardening techniques, which include health improvement work in a preschool educational institution


  • extensive washing with cool water. The child alternately runs wet palms over both arms from the hand to the elbow, then over the neck, upper chest and face, after which he wipes himself dry;
  • daytime sleep without T-shirts - this procedure can be carried out in the warm season;
  • rinsing the mouth with an iodine-salt solution (3-5 drops of iodine and a tablespoon of salt per 1 liter of water at room temperature), recommended after exercise or napping;
  • walking barefoot;
  • the so-called “Riga technique” - walking on a mat with rubber spikes soaked in saline solution.

The system of health work in kindergarten; educational and methodological material on the topic

System of physical education and health work

Full physical development and health of a child is the basis for personality formation. Children's physical health is inextricably linked with mental health and emotional well-being. The system of physical education and health work includes therapeutic and preventive and physical education and health activities. Every year at the beginning of the school year, a plan of health activities for the year is drawn up:

  1. Morning exercises /daily throughout the year/
  2. Gymnastics after sleep /daily for a year/
  3. Physical education classes /3 times a week/
  4. Airing the bath /before, after sleep/
  5. Finger gymnastics /3 times a week/
  6. Preventive vaccinations
  7. Fortification: juices, drinks, syrups, vitamins /daily
  8. Hardening by sun, water /in summer/
  9. Prevention of flat feet /daily/
  10. Prevention of children’s posture /daily/
  11. Physical education minutes /daily/
  12. Outdoor games /daily/
  13. Walks /in the warm season/
  14. Gargling /daily/. With herbs /1 time per quarter for 10 days/
  15. Work with parents on preventative health activities throughout the year. For the full physical development of children and to meet their needs for movement, the following conditions have been created in the preschool educational institution:
  • sports/music hall equipped with sports complexes and sports equipment;
  • there is a sports ground for outdoor and sports games
  • There is a medical block.

The effectiveness of physical education and health work in a preschool institution largely depends on the interaction of teachers with a nurse, music director, and psychologist. A work plan for joint activities for the year is drawn up in advance, including consultations for educators and presentations at pedagogical councils. Medical and pedagogical meetings are planned.

Consultations for educators: “Features of doing gymnastics after naps,” “Children’s physical readiness for school.”

Planning speeches at teacher councils: “Protecting the life and health of children”, “Results of health improvement work”.

Planning of medical and pedagogical meetings “Effectiveness of physical education and health work”, “Results of health work”. In their work, kindergarten teachers use various types of activities, among which the predominant ones are:

  • plot-game activities, consisting of outdoor games of varying degrees of intensity;
  • competition classes: children are divided into teams and winners are identified during various relay races;
  • training sessions for basic types of movements;
  • classes according to the traditional scheme: water-preparatory part, general developmental exercises, outdoor games;
  • test classes in which children pass physical standards against time.

Most of the time in a preschool institution, a child is in a group, so the preservation and strengthening of their health depends on how competently the teacher’s activities in organizing the children’s routine are structured.

Of course, it would be nice if the kindergarten had a physical education instructor who would help the teachers, but in our preschool educational institution there is no such thing, so the teachers themselves select exercises and activities for various types of physical development of children. The main ones are:

  • selection of exercises for physical education classes, for gymnastics, for organizing games between classes;
  • equipment for a physical education corner;
  • organization of independent motor activity of children in a group and on a walk;
  • drawing up recommendations for parents on organizing physical activity in the family.

The main problems requiring joint activities of teachers and nurses are:

  1. The physical condition of children attending preschool institutions.
  2. Optimization of the motor mode of children in preschool educational institutions.
  3. Prevention of diseases.
  4. Formation of ideas about a healthy lifestyle in children.

The system of health-improving work carried out in our kindergarten includes the following activities: breathing exercises, preventive foot massage, prevention of posture disorders and flat feet, herbal bar. Every day, in all age groups, several forms of physical education and health activities are implemented: morning exercises in the hall and in the open air in the summer, a variety of outdoor games throughout the day, physical education classes in the hall and in the air. Together, these forms of activity make it possible to ensure children’s physical activity throughout the day and rationally distribute children’s intellectual and physical load. The kindergarten nurse also carries out many preventive measures to prevent diseases in the autumn-winter period. This includes maintaining cleanliness, quartzing groups, disinfecting during an ARVI outbreak, and ventilating groups before going to bed. The content of health-improving physical education classes includes special exercises that teach children to breathe correctly or sets of breathing exercises.

Preventive exercises for the upper respiratory tract.

Goal: To teach children to breathe through their nose and prepare them to perform more complex breathing exercises.


  1. Increase vitality and resistance, hardening, resistance of the body to diseases of the respiratory system.
  2. Develop respiratory muscles, increase chest mobility, improve lymph and blood circulation in the lungs.

Basic Rules.

  1. Breathe with pleasure: positive emotions in themselves have a significant healing effect.
  2. Concentrating on the breathing exercise increases its positive effect.
  3. Breathe slowly to saturate the body with oxygen.
  4. Breathe through your nose.

One of the common ways to increase the body's resistance in kindergartens is the use of acupressure.

Hand massage

Purpose: to influence internal organs through bioactive points of the fingers, to evoke feelings of lightness and joy.

  1. “Wash” your hands, actively rub your palms until you feel intense warmth.
  2. Extend each finger and press on it.

Rub the phalanges of the fingers of one hand over the nails of the other, as if on a washboard. Rub the entire arm up to the shoulder with a “washcloth”, pressing forcefully on the muscles of the shoulder and forearm; “Wash off the soap with water”: move one hand up, then with your palm down and “shake off the water.”

Ear massage

Goal: to evoke the image of a favorite toy and, during the game, influence the hearing aid and active points of the intestines that are located on the ears. The child, sitting cross-legged, “sculpts” ears for Cheburashka or for a kind, sweet elephant:

  1. strokes the ears along the edges, then along the grooves inside, behind the ears;
  2. gently pulls the ears up, down, to the sides (5-6 times);
  3. presses on the earlobes (“hangs beautiful earrings on them”);
  4. sculpts the ears from the inside (with your fingers inside the shell, makes 7-8 rotational movements, first clockwise, then counterclockwise - the ears will be clean and all-hearing);
  5. with force “smears clay” around the ears - checks the strength, smoothes the surface around the ears at a distance of 1-1.5 cm.

Head massage

Purpose: To influence active points on the head that improve blood flow.

  1. Using strong finger pressure, the child imitates washing his hair.
  2. With his fingers, like a rake, he leads from the back of the head, temples, forehead to the middle of the head, as if raking hay into a haystack.
  3. Makes spiral movements with his fingers from the temples to the back of the head.
  4. “Catch-up.” Hitting hard with the pads of the fingers, as if on a keyboard, it “runs” across the surface of the head. The fingers of both hands either run together, then run away, then run away from each other, then catch up.
  5. With love and affection, he runs his fingers through his hair, like a comb, imagining that his “hairstyle is the most beautiful in the hairstyle competition.”

Face massage

Goal: prevent colds by influencing the active points of the face, develop the ability to control facial expressions, and “sculpt” a beautiful face.

  1. The child strokes the forehead, cheeks, wings of the nose from the center to the temples, gently taps the skin, as if compacting it so that it becomes elastic.

Presses his fingers on the bridge of the nose, on the middle of each eyebrow, making rotational movements, first clockwise, then counterclockwise (5-6 times).

  1. With force, pressing on the skin, he draws a beautiful curve of the eyebrows, then with plucks he sculpts thick eyebrows (from the bridge of the nose to the temples).
  2. Softly and gently sculpts the eyes, pressing on their corners and combing long fluffy eyelashes.
  3. Pressing on the wings of the nose, he moves his fingers from the bridge of the nose to the nasal sinuses, tugging at his nose: imagining what a beautiful Pinocchio nose he will get.

In kindergarten, health-improving activities are given one of the main places:

  • nurturing a reasonable attitude towards health from childhood, a correct daily routine;
  • rational, balanced nutrition;
  • optimal physical activity, physical education;
  • hardening – adaptation of the body to various environmental conditions;
  • preventive work (rinsing the mouth with herbal decoctions, garlic-lemon infusion, etc.);
  • health-saving technologies and general health activities.

One of the areas of our activity is the education and need of children for a healthy lifestyle. To instill in children the need for a healthy lifestyle, they must know:

  • the importance of a healthy lifestyle;
  • understand the peculiarities of the functioning of the body, the rules for protecting the senses;
  • serve yourself, analyze your actions and the actions of other children;
  • interact with the environment, understand under what conditions the habitat (home, street) is safe for life;
  • learn self-massage techniques;
  • learn and understand which habits and why are harmful to health. How to behave correctly in society.

Thematic lesson planning

Month Topic of classes
September That's who I am
October Be always healthy!
November How we breathe
December How do we hear
January Sharp eyes
February Tongue and healthy teeth
March Hair, nails and skin - that's what protects me
April What's inside me?
May Rules for life

At the Pedagogical Council, the team decided to hold a monthly health day.

It’s good to plan the following health-improving physical education activities in kindergarten on this day:

  1. Classes of the classical type, the so-called “classic version”.
  2. Game activities based on outdoor games (including folk games), recreational games, relay games, and amusement games.
  3. Walking – hiking. This is walking over certain distances.
  4. Story-based activities. They fit well on a walk.
  5. Classes at sports complexes and exercise machines (if any).
  6. Classes based on dance material. Their content includes musical and rhythmic warm-up, dancing according to the degree of increasing load, and round dances.

Independent physical education classes. The modifications of these activities can be very diverse; there is no limit to the creativity of educators.

  1. Classes - training. These are special classes aimed at developing cardiovascular endurance.

Planning “Health Days” in kindergarten will help raise children healthy, resilient, and physically prepared for the second stage in a child’s life, i.e. entering first grade.


Children are looking forward to the holiday, preparing chants, practicing, and training their will to win.

Preventive actions

Health of preschool children

is also supported by a set of preventive measures aimed at preventing colds and other diseases. Such measures include sets of visual exercises to prevent myopia, gymnastics with the simplest elements of yoga, breathing exercises, sleeping without pillows, self-massage of the earlobes and auricles.

During training sessions, pauses are required for relaxation, breathing and vision training. Particular attention is paid to the optimal motor mode, which is the best prevention of flat feet and postural disorders.

Finally, the preservation of the health of children in preschool educational institutions is ensured through the organization of a high-quality and safe environment. This, first of all, includes regular wet cleaning of kindergarten premises, ventilation, and maintaining optimal temperature conditions. Rooms where children play and sleep should receive sufficient natural light. In the autumn-winter period, as well as in the northern regions, the lack of natural light can be compensated by installing fluorescent lamps.

Physical education classes may be accompanied by music. A musical background promotes better coordination of movements, improves mood and stimulates children's activity.

How to monitor the health and morbidity of children?

It is convenient to use special software to analyze morbidity and maintain medical journals in kindergarten. For example, the “Medical Cabinet” software module of the System for Monitoring the Activities of an Educational Institution (SKDOU). It contains more than 30 medical journals that help monitor the health and morbidity of children, monitor dietary nutrition and the quality of food preparation, comply with food standards and the sanitary condition of premises, etc.

This is how, for example, the system looks like the formation of a vaccination plan and a schedule based on one of the morbidity reports:

You can download a free demo version of this program here.

Author of the article: Lidiya Sitnikova

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