GCD summary. "Cognitive Development". Introduction to the natural world Topic: “Different flowers”

MAGAZINE Preschooler.RF

Summary of GCD in the senior group. Theme "Flowers".

Author: Sivoldaeva Irina Vasilievna

Educational "Communication" .

Form of delivery: “Cognitive lesson”

Integration of areas:

“Communication” (main educational area), “Cognition” , “Socialization” , “Physical Education” , “Music” .

Types of activities: communicative, gaming, motor.


Correctional and educational:

  • Clarify the idea of ​​flowers, their parts, and where they grow.
  • Enrich your vocabulary with new nouns, adjectives and verbs.
  • Exercise children in forming the plural of words.
  • Practice forming diminutive forms of nouns.

Correctional and developmental:

  • Develop visual perception, logical thinking, auditory attention.
  • Develop fine and gross motor skills.
  • Develop speech breathing.
  • Develop attention and the ability to answer questions clearly and competently.

Correctional and educational:

  • To cultivate love and respect for flowers and nature:
  • Foster respect for work.

Equipment: multimedia projector, multi-colored clothespins and a colored circle, a picture with lilies of the valley according to the number of children, artificial flowers according to the number of children.

1. Organizational moment. Emotional mood for the lesson.

Speech therapist: - Guys, look at me. I will try to determine from your faces what mood you are in today. I see that for the majority it is good and cheerful. I'm also in a cheerful mood today. Let's pass on our cheerful mood to each other. Look at the person standing next to you, smile at him and mentally wish him something good.

2. Report the topic of the lesson. Updating knowledge on the topic.

Game "Say the Word" .

The speech therapist reads the riddles, the children add the last word in chorus (slide No. 2).

Flowers - a basket with a yellow center, a white shirt. Good... (chamomile).

A beautiful flower hid in the petals, like in a satin cloak. It won’t open up in any way In the garden there is a red one... (poppy).

A wonderful flower, Like a bright light, Lush, important like a gentleman, Delicate, velvety... (tulip).

Eh, bells, blue, with a tongue, but there’s no ringing... (bell).

White peas, on a green stem... (lilies of the valley).

I am capricious and tender, I am needed for any holiday. I can be white, yellow, red, But I always remain beautiful... (rose).

Speech therapist: - So who guessed what we will talk about today in class? (About flowers). That's right, today we will talk about flowers. What are flowers for? (For beauty, to admire, to make a gift, animal food, medicine).

- Let's remember what kind of flowers there are? (garden, field, forest, indoor).

— What is the name of the person who takes care of flowers? (florist)

(slide number 3)

3. Game “Name the parts of the flower” .

Speech therapist: - Every gardener knows the parts of a flower.

-Can you name the parts of a flower? (slide number 4)

— How should we care for flowers so that they make us happy?

(Water, spray, loosen the soil, wipe the leaves, fertilize). (slide number 5).

4. Game “One - Many” (slide No. 6,7)

(Cactus-cacti, dandelion-dandelions, tulip-tulips, lily of the valley).

5. Game “Say kindly” (slide No. 8, 9)

(Tulip-tulip, rose-rose, violet-violet, stem-stem, carnation-clove, daisy-daisy, flower-flower, cornflower-cornflower).

6. Physical education minute. "On the lawn in the morning"

On the lawn in the morning We started a game: I am a snowdrop, you are a bindweed. Stand in our wreath. (Children stand in a circle, hold hands)

One, two, three, four, (Take four steps back, expand the circle) Move the circle wider. And now we are streams, (Running in a circle) Let's run in a race.

We hurry straight to the lake, (They move the circle apart) The lake will become big. Stand in a circle again, (Close the circle) Let's play sunshine. (Run in circles)

We are cheerful rays, (Stretch on tiptoes, arms up) We are playful and hot. (They jump on their toes, hands on their belts)

7. Game “4 extra”

(cornflower, lily of the valley, tree, chamomile).

(Dandelion, bellflower, strawberry, calendula) (slide number 10).

8. Game “What flowers? (game with clothespins).

Speech therapist: - Flowers, like people, love it when people say nice words to them.

Let's tell us what flowers we have? We attach a clothespin to each word. (Beautiful, tender, vibrant, fresh, bright, colorful, fragrant, young, spring, garden, field, large, small).

- What flower does it look like? (For chamomile).

9. Breathing exercise “Blow on a flower .

Speech therapist: - What beautiful flowers you have. Let's blow on their petals.

10. Game “Connect the dots”

11. Summary of the lesson. Reflection.

Calm music sounds.

Speech therapist: - Guys, what did we do in class today? What new have you learned? What did you like most about the lesson?

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Journey to the land of flowers. Summary of a conversation with older preschoolers with a presentation

Journey to the Land of Flowers, summary of a conversation with senior preschoolers
Author: Shishova Svetlana Gennadievna, music director Place of work: MBDOU "Kindergarten No. 197" of a combined type, Barnaul Description of the material: I bring to your attention "Journey to the Land of Flowers." This material can be used by educators, additional education teachers, art and primary school teachers when introducing children to the lexical topic “Flowers”, as a preliminary conversation before children’s creative activities on the topic “Flowers”. For conversations with younger preschoolers, you can remove riddles from the notes. Goal: to consolidate children's knowledge about colors. Objectives: - expand children's vocabulary; - teach to see and appreciate the beauty of the surrounding nature; - cultivate aesthetic taste. Equipment: projector, screen, computer, audio recordings. PROGRESS OF THE CONVERSATION Hello guys.
Today we will take a journey into the unique world of flowers. (Slide 1). Slide 2 In the world of flowers it is so warm and cool, A whole bouquet of aromas and sounds... Each flower is elegant in its own way... In the form of exquisite festive cups. I would like to stay in the world of flowers, To become the heroine of stories and fairy tales, To admire the beauty every day, To merge with the harmony of light and colors. Slide 3-4 The world of flowers is beautiful and unique. They delight people's eyes with their extraordinary beauty and aroma. Flowers scatter in a lush carpet over the fields, bright spots among the forest. We can meet them everywhere: Slide 5 high in the mountains, Slide 6 on the water surface, Slide 7 in the snow Slide 8 and in the hot desert, Slide 9 in the life-rich tropics Slide 10 and on poor rocky soils. Slide 11 How does a flower appear? Slide 12 A flower is born from a seed or bulb. A sprout sprouts from a seed (bulb), leaves appear, then the plant shoots out an arrow, and a bud forms on it. The bud opens and a flower appears. Slide 13 Now let's remember the flowers that surround us. And riddles will help us with this. I am capricious and tender, I am needed for any holiday. I can be white, yellow, red, But I always remain beautiful! (Rose). How many times have you been sung, You, the queen of all flowers?! And every poet has a sea of ​​words for you. I will add: you are beautiful, fragrant and tender; Time has no power over you - You are needed in all ages! Slide 14 A wonderful flower, Like a bright light. Lush, bright, like a pan, Delicate velvet (Tulip). On the head of the flower there is a turban. The buds open. I dreamed that one tulip was hiding Thumbelina! And the dream ended when I wanted to check... And then I looked attentively at each of our flowers. Slide 15 Drops of the sun appeared early in the clearing. This is dressed up in a yellow sundress (Dandelion). The golden dandelion was beautiful, young, and was not afraid of anyone, not even the wind itself! The golden dandelion grew old and became gray, and as soon as it turned gray, it flew away with the wind. Slide 16 The sun is burning the top of my head, Wants to make a rattle. (Poppy). As soon as the sun rises, the poppy will bloom in the garden. The cabbage butterfly will land on the flower. Look, the flower has two more petals. Slide 17 Everyone, I think, will know, If he visits the field, This little blue flower, Under the name (Cornflower). Cornflower blooms all summer with a bright blue color. Each of the guys knows: He is the brother of the river and the sky. The ringing birds are chirping, the moths are fluttering, the dandelions are turning yellow, the cornflowers are turning blue. Slide 18 White lamps (Lily of the Valley) hang on large pillars in a row. The lily of the valley was born on a May day, and the forest protects it. It seems to me that his rear will ring quietly. And the meadow will hear this ringing, And the birds, and the flowers... Let's listen, What if We hear - you and I? Slide 19 I suggest you admire the beauty of flowers. (include audio recording of “Spring” by A. Vivaldi from the cycle “Seasons”). Slide 20 - 32 Presentation on the topic: Journey to the land of flowers

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Synopsis of an integrated educational activity on cognitive development in the senior group with presentation

Abstract of an integrated educational activity on cognitive development on the topic: Journey to the world of plants."
Purpose of the material: This material is a summary of an integrated educational activity for introducing children of senior preschool age to the world of plants.
The material allows you to systematize children’s knowledge about the structure and forms of plants, and introduce them to the diversity of representatives of the plant world. The material will be useful to kindergarten teachers, as well as primary school teachers. Lesson topic: “Journey to the world of plants”

Purpose of the lesson: developing ideas about the structural features of various plant forms; Objectives: Educational: - systematize children’s knowledge about the general and distinctive features of the structure of plants; - consolidate children’s knowledge about various forms of plants (tree, bush, herbaceous plant); — introduce children to the diversity of representatives of the plant world; Developmental: - develop logical thinking - the ability to compare objects; - developing coherent speech - the ability to give a complete and substantiated answer to the question posed; Educators: - we continue to instill in children the skills of observing the rules of behavior in nature: - we cultivate a caring attitude towards plants; Integration of educational areas: “Cognitive development”, “Social and communicative development”, “Speech development”, “Artistic and aesthetic development”; Materials and equipment: For the teacher: - presentation and multimedia equipment; - Pinocchio toy; - demonstration cards - diagrams with an incorrect image of a tree, bush, herbaceous plant (see Appendix No. 1); For children: - red and green circles; - handout cards - models on the topic - “Plant forms” (see Appendix No. 2); - sheets of paper, wax crayons, colored pencils;

PROGRESS OF THE LESSON: 1. Introductory part. Didactic exercise “What’s extra?” Children are sitting on the carpet. Buratino comes to visit the guys. He turns to them with a request: to teach him to play the game “What’s extra?”, because when they play with Malvina, he always loses and Malvina laughs at him! The teacher invites the children to show Pinocchio how to reason in this game in order to give the correct answer. Sample tasks for the exercise: - pine, raven, birch, dandelion; - hare, fir tree, snowdrop, oak; - bell, bee, rowan, rose; Pinocchio answers the questions of the assignment, deliberately getting confused, the children correct his mistakes. The teacher summarizes Pinocchio's mistakes and informs him that he gives incorrect answers because he knows little about plants. Invites the children to help Pinocchio and tell him everything they know about plants. 2. Main part. “Journey to the world of plants” A. Conversation with children on the topic “What do you know about plants?” The teacher conducts a conversation with the children about who plants are, how they live, why a person cannot live without plants. Questions for the conversation: - Why do you think plants are called so - plants? - What plants do you know? —Can a plant live without sun, without water? — How do new plants appear? — Why do people plant plants so often? - Why doesn’t the tree fall? — What do all plants have in common? During the conversation, the teacher encourages the use of complex sentences in speech, seeking a complete answer to the question. When answering the last question, Pinocchio enters into the dialogue and says that he didn’t really understand about the root, the stem…. The teacher invites children to go on a virtual journey into the world of plants, which will help find answers to questions that interest Pinocchio. Offers to take seats in the “auditorium” B. Working with presentation slides “Journey into the world of plants” Children sit on chairs in front of the screen. The teacher tells them that before going on a trip, they need to remember the rules of behavior in nature. (slide No. 2 is projected onto the screen - “Rules of conduct in nature”, which depicts prohibitory signs on the topic - what cannot be done in nature)
The teacher and the children remember these rules: - you cannot make a fire in the forest: - you cannot catch and bring home insects;
- you can’t trample mushrooms; - you can’t pick flowers; - You cannot cut down trees in the forest; - You can’t litter in nature; The teacher asks Pinocchio and the children to remember these rules and not break them! He offers to go on a trip (on the screen there is slide No. 3, which shows a spruce)
Educator: Look, guys, here is our first meeting. Do you recognize this plant? (children's answers). What shape is a spruce plant? (If the children find it difficult to answer this question, the teacher asks leading questions) They come to the conclusion that it is a tree. Pinocchio doesn't understand why they decided this. The teacher offers to go further to visit the apple tree and get acquainted with the structure of the trees.

(on the screen is slide No. 4 - “Structure of a tree”, which shows a color picture of an apple tree and next to it a diagram of the structure of a tree, where the main parts of the structure of the tree are indicated using colored arrows) The teacher, together with the children, finds out that the tree has a root (red arrow ), trunk (brown arrow), branches (orange arrow), leaves (green arrow) and flowers (pink arrow).
Asks Buratino to repeat. And so that he and the guys don’t get confused, he suggests playing the game “What’s extra?” (on the screen is slide No. 5 - d/u “What’s extra?”, which shows pictures of pine, chestnut, pyramidal poplar and dandelion).
Children, together with Pinocchio, determine that the picture with a dandelion under the number 4 is superfluous, since this plant is not a tree. The teacher offers to go further.

(on the screen is slide number 6 - “Shrubs”, which depicts a lilac bush)
Educator: Here is another plant that greets us.
Did you recognize him? (lilac) Tell me, Buratino, do you think lilac is also a tree? Pinocchio: Of course, a tree! Look, it has a trunk, and leaves, and flowers! Educator: Guys, what do you think? Is Pinocchio right? Let's figure it out, get to know another plant - a rose that grows in the garden. (on the screen is slide No. 7 - “Structure of shrubs”, on which there is a picture with a color image of a rose bush and a diagram of the structure of bushes)
The teacher together with the children examine the diagram, determine that such plants also have a root (red arrow), leaves (green arrow), flowers (pink arrow), branches (orange arrow).
Draws children's attention that there are a lot of brown arrows in the diagram - this means these plants have a lot of trunks. Reports that such plants are called shrubs. They conclude: trees have one trunk, but bushes have many! Offers to look at the next slide and determine which of the plants on this slide is superfluous. (on the screen is slide No. 8 - d/u "What's extra?", on which pictures of sea buckthorn, rose hips, viburnum and chamomile are depicted in frames of different colors)
Pinocchio and the guys determine that the extra picture is the picture in a yellow frame - a chamomile.
Pinocchio expresses doubt that he cannot understand what kind of plants these are - chamomile, dandelion... And not a tree, and not a bush!? The teacher promises to help figure everything out if they go further. Shows the next frame (on the screen is slide number 9 - a clearing with anemone)

Educator: Oh, guys, look what a beautiful clearing!
But, before we go further, let's remember the rules of behavior in nature. Let's play a little. Take the red and green circles that are on your table and stand one after another. B. Outdoor game » Stop! Do no harm!" Rules of the game: Children and Pinocchio begin to move through an imaginary forest. At the teacher’s signal – “Stop!”, they stop and evaluate the situation proposed by the teacher. If the situation does not harm nature, they show a green circle and continue moving. If a situation harms nature, they show a red circle, stop and find the right solution. Examples of situations: - there is a path in the forest in front of us, can we follow it; - there is a whole clearing of bluebells in front of us, can we walk straight along it? - there is a broken tree branch in front of us, can we pass by; — there is a fallen tree in front of us, can we sit down to rest; - a fire is burning under a tree in front of us, what should we do? — we met a girl with a large bouquet of lilies of the valley, can we go further; At the end of the game, the teacher praises the children, invites them to return to the “auditorium” and continue the virtual journey (on the screen, slide number 10 - which shows a clearing with a tricolor violet)
Pinocchio: Well, again, it’s not clear!
Either a tree or a bush! Educator: Don't rush, Pinocchio! Let's figure it out now! (on the screen is slide No. 11 - “Structure of herbaceous plants”, on which there is an image of a color picture of a violet and a diagram of the structure of herbaceous plants)
The teacher draws attention to the diagram, asks to find arrows that are familiar in color, and to remember what part of the plant they represent.
They find out that these plants also have a root, leaves, flowers and a trunk, only the trunk is not similar to those that the tree and shrub had. It is very thin, similar to a blade of grass. In these plants, the trunk is called a stem, and plants with such stems are called herbaceous plants. Invites Pinocchio to play the game “What’s extra?” (on the screen is slide No. 12 - D/u “What’s extra?”, which shows pictures - a rose, a bell, clover, cornflowers. The pictures are numbered.)
Pinocchio gives the correct answer: the extra thing is plant number 1 - a rose.
The teacher asks the children to evaluate Buratino's answer and once again justify his choice. The teacher sums it up: plants are different. 1. There are trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants. 2. All plants have a root, trunk or stem, branches, leaves, flowers Educator: Guys, to make it easier for you to remember what shapes plants are, I came up with cards for you - “reminders”. They are on your table. The cards are the same as on my screen (on the screen is slide number 13 - “plant forms”)
Educator: Take the cards and show which card will depict a tree, which one will depict a shrub, which one will depict a herbaceous plant?
Now let's play with the cards. D. Didactic exercise “Tree, bush, herbaceous plant” (children stand freely in a group) The teacher names different plants, children must determine the shape of the plant and show the corresponding card. For example: birch, dandelion, rose hip, bell, pine, etc. Educator: We got acquainted with different plants and determined what they have in common and how they differ. But there are plants that are very unusual and often do not look like them! Do you want to look at them? Take your seats in the “auditorium” (on the screen slide number 14 - Unusual plants, which shows a picture of a plant - rafflesia)

Educator: This unusual plant is called rafflesia. It has no green leaves or roots. Rafflesia lives at the expense of other plants. It sticks to their roots. Rafflesia has a very large flower. Its diameter is almost 1 meter, and it blooms for only 3-4 days. The smell of this flower is disgusting, it smells like rotten meat. Thus, rafflesia attracts flies that carry its seeds. Here is another unusual plant.

(on the screen is slide number 15 - “Venus’s slipper”)
Educator: This plant is called Lady’s slipper. Look how unusual this flower is. It is shaped like a shoe. And its bright color and shape of the petals resembles a butterfly. There is such a legend: butterflies landed on a plant flower and were so saturated with its nectar that they became heavy and could not fly, but turned into such a beautiful flower!

(on the screen is slide number 16 - “Cactus”)
Educator: And you probably recognized this plant.
It's called a cactus. Here they grow in pots, but in nature cacti grow in rocky deserts. Cacti have no leaves, they have turned into spines. This way the plant is saved from extreme heat, and water accumulates in the trunks of the cacti. This helps the plant survive drought. There are many other interesting plants, but we’ll talk about that next time. Now I want to check how you remember what parts plants have. I suggest you draw any plant, but make sure it is drawn correctly. Let's remember what plants have. Children, together with Pinocchio, remember parts of plants - roots, stems or trunks, branches, leaves, flowers. D. Drawing “Draw without mistakes” Children independently choose what they will draw and what materials they need for this. After the children completed the work, Buratino says that he also drew and shows his drawings. 3. Final part. D/u "Correct Pinocchio's mistakes" The teacher, together with the children, examines Pinocchio's drawings (see Appendix No. 1), determines the mistakes: the root is not drawn, the trunk, leaves are not drawn, etc.
At the end of the lesson, the teacher asks Pinocchio whether he liked the lesson. Praises children and their work. Shows the last slide of the presentation, on which plants ask children not to offend them! Appendix No. 1 - "Correct Pinocchio's mistakes" (see slide No. 17) Appendix No. 2 - "Shapes of plants" (see slide No. 13) Presentation on the topic: Journey into the world of plants

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Summary of organized educational activities in the secondary group “Garden Flowers”


Formation of elementary ideas about garden flowers.


1.Introduce the names of flowers and their structure. Learn to compare, recognize by color, shape of leaves, flowers, stem. Give initial ideas about the classification of flowers according to their place of growth. Practice using plural nouns. Continue to teach how to hold a brush correctly and use paints, and convey the characteristic features of the structure of a flower in a drawing.

2. Develop attention, memory, fine motor skills of the hands.

3. Foster a caring attitude and love for nature. Develop the ability to work in a team.

Progress of the conversation.

1. Introductory and motivational part.

Educator: -In the spring, when the sun heats up more, the snow melts, and the first flowers appear in thawed patches. What are their names? Why are they called that? Later, daffodils, tulips, and lilies of the valley appear. And in summer the whole earth is strewn with flowers. What flowers do you know? Each flower lives for a certain time and fades, being replaced by others. Let's look at a flower. What is a flower made of? (Root, stem, bud, leaves, petals).

2. Main part:

Didactic game “Collect a flower”.

Children show and name the parts of a flower when composing a plant, using all components (root, stem, bud, leaves, petals).

There is crying. Nyusha enters.

Educator: - Nyusha! What's happened?

-Barash mixed up the cards and now I don’t know where the garden flowers are and where the meadow flowers are.

Educator: -Don’t cry, Nyusha, we will help you.

-Guys! Shall we help Nyusha?

Then listen. -Flowers grow everywhere: in the forest - snowdrops, lilies of the valley.

— What plants grow in the meadow?

Let's remember them (daisies, cornflowers, dandelions, clover, meadow geranium, poppies). Nobody cares for these flowers.

-And there are flowers that people grow on the balcony, in the garden. They are looked after, watered, protected from the cold, and fed with fertilizer. These flowers are called garden flowers. The teacher shows the children pictures of a rose, daffodil, tulip, aster, gladiolus and names them. Children look at flowers.

Didactic game “What is missing.”

Goal: development of attention and memory.

The teacher puts 5 pictures on the board, depicting garden flowers: “Guys! List the names of these colors. These are rose, daffodil, tulip, aster, gladiolus. Look carefully and remember. Now close your eyes.” Children close their eyes, and the teacher removes one flower. “What’s missing?”

Nyusha: -I also want to guess which flower is missing. -I liked the game.

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