Thematic lesson using Lego constructor Topic: “Fairytale City”

Summary of a lesson on Lego construction for children 5-7 years old “The Evolution of Construction”

SUMMARY of organizing joint continuous educational activities with preschool children
Topic: Evolution of construction Age group:
children 5-7 years old
GCD form
: Lego construction technology

form of organization Educational and methodological set
: set of tasks “Construction machines” for the LEGO® designer set 45002, TRIZ technology
visual LEGO® set 45002 “Construction machines”, “Giant duplo set”, bricks from the LEGO SOFT set, axonometric projections of machine models, tables – system operator, pencils;
On the stand is a finished building with a construction site on which workers are located with a shovel, cart, concrete mixer, scraper, stepladder; multimedia presentation “Evolution of construction”, educational cartoon “Working machines for children”. OBJECTIVES of the educational program: Educational objectives:
• to develop the cognitive initiative of preschoolers in the process of generalizing ideas about construction machines through design;
• form ideas about the structure and history of machines; • develop logical thinking, promote the development of systems thinking; search for a problem and suggest ways to solve it; • develop cognitive interest and design skills based on images using a simple screwdriver; demonstrate the functions of the model and their management; Educational objectives:
• to develop cooperation skills in the process of joint activities;
• encourage the desire to independently search for knowledge and skills, develop the ability to invent games; • awaken curiosity, the ability to make decisions in accordance with the task, develop creative imagination, help acquire the skill of coordinated teamwork. In the technical dictionary
• Equilibrium • weight • experiment • distance Parts: chassis, wheels with tires, bucket, scraper, lever, boom Equilibrium An object is in equilibrium and does not move when all the forces acting on it are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.
Fulcrum The point, or center, about which a lever, such as a lever, pivots or rotates. Vocabulary work: evolution, efficiency, equipment, design, architect, drawing, foundation pit, foundation, system operator, grader, milling cutter, asphalt paver. Expected result: 1. Ability to work in a team, carry out simple construction according to a model.
Developed ability to reason and debate. 2. Demonstration of curiosity, the ability to make decisions in accordance with the task, developed creative imagination. 3. Familiar with concepts such as bolted structures. The skill of designing from a drawing and axonometric projection is developed. 4. The ability to put forward your own hypotheses, assumptions, and describe the results. Children's creative activity and the experience they gain give them ideas for continuing research. Contents of the activity:
Stage 1 Establishing relationships (Goal setting) 1. Tower of Friendship. - In order for us to become more friendly, we need to assemble a tower. Look at the drawing, one-two-three - quickly start. Following the model in the presentation, children build a tower using Lego-soft blocks according to colors in teams of boys and girls - who is faster. Then they check for correctness. To quickly check the color sequence of a tower, you can turn one of the towers upside down. The towers will be the same.

2. Conversation: - What profession were you representatives of when you built your towers? — What other construction professions do you know? - What can’t you build a house without? (drawing, pit, foundation, equipment, building materials, construction site, specialists, equipment, etc.) - Were you now builders in our time or in ancient times? Express your assumptions and justify them. On the screen is an illustration of a construction site in ancient times.

3. Working with the system operator. (work cards)

— what item or tool is needed for each stage of construction? What if we are still in the past tense? Sketch it out schematically. 4. Using a presentation, we check the filling of each cell of the system operator (stage 1, start of construction - architect and drawing, stage 2, digging a pit - shovel and scraper, 3 - cart for transporting building materials, 4 - people to lay the foundation, 5 - concrete mixer , to pour the foundation, 6 – a stepladder to lay the bricks up.)

5. Determination of the problem when using such tools (long time, a lot of physical and human costs, ineffective). A suggestion on how to deal with the problem. A proposal to design equipment that will replace the unskilled labor of builders. 6. Moving in OUR TIME. (Dynamic pause). Teams are invited to build bridges from the past to the future from Lego soft, which would be durable, but raised above the floor. 7. A picture of construction in our time at the presentation.

Stage 2 Design (Creation of a model) 8. Creation of construction equipment from the construction set 45002 “Construction machines” in pairs. According to step-by-step drawings or according to a drawing in an axonometric projection.

Definition of the principle of working in pairs: one selects parts - the other builds; everyone assembles their own design, then they combine them; everyone assembles 2-3 stages in turn, etc.) - Without what will the machine not work? (engine, fuel, driver, wheels). Stage 3 Reflection (Discussion) 9. At the stand with a house and a construction site, you need to replace the outdated construction model with equipment that corresponds to the task being performed. 10. Filling out the second column of the system operator. (what equipment is needed at each stage of construction). Check your assumptions using ready-made answers in the presentation table.

Stage 4 Development (Transformation) Open end 11. Presentation: comparison of past and present construction methods. - What's better? – What is more effective? — What problems can arise in modern construction? 12. Self-esteem: - What surprised you? - What can you praise yourself for? - Why do you need this knowledge? — What else would you like to build, learn about mechanisms and devices for construction? 13. – What will the construction of the future look like? Dream at home and bring your drawings.

— Do you know what a milling cutter and asphalt distributor are? Where can I find out about this? I suggest you watch a film that tells about rare, but very necessary construction machines.

We recommend watching:

Lego construction for the development of speech in preschoolers A creative project for Lego construction in kindergarten. Senior group Regulations on holding a competition-exhibition on Lego construction and robotics for preschoolers Didactic game for developing computing skills in preschoolers

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Development of communication skills in design and research activities in preschoolers

Target. Continue introducing children to the LEGO DACTA construction set, the shape of LEGO parts that look like bricks, and options for their fastenings. Start of compiling the LEGO dictionary. Develop the skill of distinguishing parts in a box and the ability to listen to the teacher’s instructions.

Equipment. LEGO bricks from sets.

Progress of the lesson

1. Organizing moment

LEGO friend. Hello guys! Do you already know what it is?

Children. This is LEGO.

LEGO friend. Today we will get to know him further. What did you learn about him in the last lesson?

Children's answers.

Game "Magic Color"

Children sit near a box with LEGO and, on the instructions of a LEGO friend, quickly find bricks of a given color. The tasks can be different, for example, “Who is the first?” Boys quickly find 2 blue bricks, and girls - 2 red ones. Boys find red and yellow bricks, girls find green and yellow, etc.

2. Introduction to bricks

LEGO friend. We have already learned everything about the color of LEGO parts, and now we are learning secrets about their shape. Guys, here are LEGO parts. Look what they look like.

Children. On bricks.

LEGO friend. Are the bricks the same or different in some way? How?

Children's answers.

LEGO friend. Look guys, each brick has these attachments that hold together tightly when you connect them. Think about what you can call them? What do they remind you of?

Children's answers: buttons, wells, buckets, circles, etc.

LEGO friend. Let's count how many buttons there are on LEGO bricks.

Children, together with a LEGO friend, count the buttons on LEGO pieces horizontally and vertically.

Thus, children, together with a LEGO friend, look at 4 types of bricks: 2x2, 2x4, 2x6, 2x8.

LEGO friend. Guys, these are magic good bricks. You and I learned that they are all different, they have buttons that fasten one brick to another. You can play with them and make different buildings. They must be handled very carefully, then you yourself will become wizards.

Brick loves affection!

Then you will build a fairy tale!

3. Graphic exercises

An assignment from a LEGO friend.

Game "Designer"

Children are offered strips of paper of various lengths.

LEGO friend. We will be designers, we will come up with various fastenings of LEGO elements. Draw your options for fastening LEGO parts on these strips.

4. Game to develop orientation in LEGO parts

It is carried out in front of a box with LEGO parts.

LEGO friend. Guys, close your eyes, and now open them. Look what brick I found, name it. Now find him. Who's the first?

5. Introduction to fastening options

Game "Staplers"

LEGO friend. Listen to my task. Take one brick with your right hand. And now with your left hand another brick. What a great fellow you are! Now connect them. Happened? Are your bricks holding tightly? Now think about how else you can fasten two bricks - 2x2 and 2x2, 2x4 and 2x4, 2x2 and 2x4, etc.

In the process of fastenings, which the children try themselves, it is necessary to clarify which fastenings will be the strongest, and which ones will not be very strong, etc. The teacher shows those fastening options that the children could not understand themselves, and be sure to draw attention to the fact that the child I made the discovery myself - a fastening option.

6. Clarification of options for impossible fastenings

Game "Unfastened"

The principle of action is the same as in the game “Staples”, i.e. the children themselves show the options to the teacher or LEGO friend. The speech therapist (LEGO friend) shows those options that the children could not understand on their own, and always pays attention (praise) to the fact that the child himself made a discovery - an option for an impossible connection.

Teacher. A LEGO friend was given a task at a toy factory: to determine how parts should not be fastened together, but he could not solve it. Help him.

7. Classification

It is carried out similarly to the classification of parts by color. Only now children must build towers (walls, stairs, etc.) from LEGO bricks, focusing on size. For example, they build towers with 2x2 bricks, or a wall with 2x4 bricks, etc.

8. Constructive play activities and children's speech development

Teacher. Guys, let's make a gift for our mothers now. But first, let's think about what we will do. A LEGO friend has prepared a new pattern for you.

Analysis of the diagram and children's answers.

9. Bottom line

LEGO friend. You are so great! You played so well and learned so many new things. What else have you learned about LEGO in our magical land?

Children's answers.

Summary of the Lego construction lesson “Getting Acquainted”

Lyubov Gurdyumova

Summary of the Lego construction lesson “Getting Acquainted”

Class. Lego. Acquaintance.

Goal: To develop spatial imagination, attention, memory.


1. Introduce in a playful way the basic elements of the LEGO constructor.

2. Learn to classify by shape, size, color.

3. Form concentration of attention

4. Develop creative thinking.

5. Develop the ability to interact with children and adults.

6. Train fine motor skills of your fingers.

Equipment: A box with small strips of paper, LEGO parts of different colors and shapes. Presentation. TV.

Progress of the lesson:

psychological mood.

Educator: Hello, guys! Today we will go on a journey. And a magic mirror will help us with this. Let's look into it.

The presentation is shown, a magic mirror appears on the screen, with the help of which children find themselves in the land of LEGO.

Educator: Guys, you saw what magic happens in the land of Lego. Let's try to create a magical Lego world in our group. Shall we try?

Then let's get started.

“Find parts of the same color”

Educator: I have a box with LEGO construction sets. You see a lot of detail here. Some are small, like this, this is a cube. More is a brick, even more is a big brick. Details of different colors. Each of you has a strip of paper on your tables, they are also different colors. You need to go to the box and find a part of the color that you have on the piece of paper. Do you understand the task? We approach the box one by one and take five parts of the desired color.

Educator: Well done! Everyone completed the task.

Now use your cubes to build a tower.

Well done! You made some wonderful towers!

connection of parts.

Educator: Guys, when building the tower you placed one cube on top of another. This method of connecting parts is called a stack, i.e. you stack a stack, one on top of the other!

And there are other ways to connect parts. This is a ladder connection, when one part is placed on another. So, take a look and try to make a ladder yourself. Well done!

An overlap connection, when we connect two parts with a third, like this. Try connecting your parts this way. Well done!


Children walked through the forest (walking in place)

We observed nature (we look around)

We looked up at the sun (raise our heads up)

And their rays warmed them. (showing the rays of the sun)

The text is pronounced, and the children perform accompanying movements.

Assemble the model from memory

The teacher shows the children for a few seconds a model assembled from 3-4 (or more) parts, and then removes it. Children assemble the model from memory and compare it with the sample.


Educator: Guys, we traveled with you to LEGO country. Did you enjoy the trip? What do you remember most?

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